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Professor Caroline Fournet

Professor

C.I.Fournet2@exeter.ac.uk

3158

01392 723158

Amory B103A


Overview

I am Professor of Law and Director of Postgraduate Taught Studies.

I am the Director of the Exeter Centre for International Law.

Expertise: International Criminal Law and Procedure; Human Rights Law; European Convention on Human Rights; Right to a Fair Trial; International Prosecution of Crimes against Humanity, Genocide, War Crimes and Sexual Violence; Domestic Prosecution of Crimes against Humanity, Genocide and War Crimes; Post-conflict Investigations; Investigations of International Crimes and of Gross Human Rights Violations; Forensic Evidence; Empirical Research and Content Analysis.

Main Editorial Roles:

Editor-in-Chief, International Criminal Law Review (Brill Publishers).

Editor-in-Chief for Law, Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal (Manchester University Press).

Series Editor-in-Chief, Studies in International Criminal Law (Brill Nijhoff Publishers).

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Research

My current research focuses on the dual use of forensic and medical evidence in the investigation of mass violence crimes on one hand and in the identification of victims and the building of post-atrocity memory on the other. It also explores and analyses the weight of this type of scientific evidence in the prosecution – both domestic and international – of international crimes and gross human rights violations.

The other strand of my research focuses on judicial decision-making in international criminal justice to examine it in the light of the ongoing tensions between the need to reduce the length of international criminal proceedings and the necessity to safeguard the right to a fair trial.

Research projects and collaborations

Since 2020: Partner: Interdisciplinary research project War Losses and Casualties.

2012-2016: Co-investigator: Interdisciplinary research project ‘Corpses of Mass Violence and Genocide’.

Member: European Criminology Group on Atrocity Crimes and Transitional Justice (ECACTJ). 

External member: Northumbria Centre for Evidence and Criminal Justice Studies (NCECJS). 

Research group links

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Supervision

Research students

First supervisor

2016-2022: Dr Suzanne Schot, ‘A Confrontation of Facts and Truth? Testimonies of Victims, Witnesses, and Perpetrators during the Investigation and Prosecution of International Crimes’.

2016-2021: Dr Yves Sezirahiga, ‘The Right of Victims of International Crimes to Reparations in the Aftermath of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda’.

2013-2020: Dr Tadesse Simie Metekia, ‘Prosecution of Core Crimes in Ethiopia: Domestic Practices vis-à-vis International Standards’. Thesis awarded with distinction (cum laude).

2013-2016: Dr Nicole Siller, ‘Defining ‘Trafficking in Persons’ under International Law and Determining Trafficking’s Incorporation within Enslavement as a Crime against Humanity’.

2007-2011: Dr Clotilde Pégorier, ‘The legal qualification of ethnic cleansing’.

2004-2009: Dr Lisa Yarwood, ‘State Accountability: Holding States to Account for Breaching Jus Cogens Norms’.

Second (external) supervisor

2019- : Yasmin Abulkher, ‘The Modern Fingerprint: The Framework and Boundaries of Gathering and Presenting Open Source Evidence in Criminal Proceedings’.

2019- : Audrey Fino, ‘The inter-relatedness of human rights and international criminal law in the field of hate speech’.

2018- : Adina Nistor, ‘Beyond reasonable misunderstandings: Cultural differences and international crimes on trial’.

2017- : Sophia Ugwu, 'Sexual Assault on Men: Rethinking the definition of rape in International Criminal Law’.

2016- : Welmoet Wels, ‘The management of dead bodies in armed conflict: dilemmas in doing justice to the dead'.

2013-2018: Dr Abel Knottnerus, ‘African Presidents and the International Criminal Court: A legal analysis of the African Union's concerns about the prosecution and trial of sitting heads of state and government’.

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Publications

Copyright Notice: Any articles made available for download are for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the copyright holder.

| 2024 | 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2002 |

2024

  • Fournet C, Drumbl M. (2024) ‘Atrocity Then, Trial Now: The Aesthetics, Acoustics, and Visualities of Prosecuting Oskar Gröning’, Sights, Sounds, and Sensibilities of Atrocity Prosecutions, Brill.
  • Fournet C. (2024) 'France', Universality without Uniformity: State Exercise of Universal Jurisdiction over Core International Crimes, Edward Elgar Publishing.

2023

  • Fournet C. (2023) ‘Dispassionate narratives of atrocities and the forensic lens’, EuroCrim, 23rd Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Florence, Italy, 6th - 9th Sep 2023.
  • Fournet C. (2023) ‘The use and weight of medico-legal evidence in international criminal justice’, Workshop War Losses and Casualties ‘Mass Violence, Forensic Sciences, and Administration of Human Remains’ - Forensic Anthropology Society of Europe (FASE), 20th Anniversary Symposium, Marseille, France, 29th - 29th Aug 2023.
  • Fournet C, Drumbl M. (2023) ‘Verbrechen damals, Verfahren heute: Die Ästhetik, Akustik und Visualität der Strafverfolgung von Oskar Gröning’, Spätverfolgung von NS-Unrecht, Springer, 343-363.
  • Fournet C. (2023) Capturing Mental Health Issues in International Criminal Law and Justice: The Input of the International Criminal Court, The Routledge Handbook of Mental Health Law, Routledge, 306-324, DOI:10.4324/9781003226413-21.
  • Fournet C. (2023) 'Standing the Test of Time: The Dynamic Interpretation of the Genocide Convention', Contemporary Challenges to Criminal Justice. Liber Amicorum for Ralph Henham, Hart Publishing.
  • Fournet C, Rolland F. (2023) France, Public Health Crisis Management and Criminal Liability of Governments - A Comparative Study of the Covid-19 Pandemic, Hart Publishing, 71-102.

2022

  • Fournet C. (2022) ‘‘The national laws of States’ as interpretative tools of international criminal law’, TRICI-Law project Conference ‘The Practice of Interpretation in International Law: Unity, Diversity, and Evolution’, The Hague, Netherlands, 1st - 2nd Dec 2022.
  • Fournet C, Drumbl M. (2022) International Conference - ‘The Sights, Sounds, and Sensibilities of Atrocity Prosecutions’, University Of Exeter, 20th - 21st Oct 2022.
  • Fournet C, Tidy H. (2022) 'Guest Editorial' - Special Issue ‘The future of teaching, training and learning in forensic and crime sciences’, Science and Justice, volume 62(6), pages 667-668, DOI:10.1016/j.scijus.2022.09.002.
  • Fournet C. (2022) Keynote: ‘Bury the dead, not the truth’ – Identifying the dead and unearthing the truth in contexts of mass violence, EuroCrim 2022 - 22nd Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Málaga, Spain, 21st - 24th Sep 2022.
  • Fournet C. (2022) Evidence on and in the ground: the key corroborating role of forensic evidence in remotely and/or virtually conducted investigations, EuroCrim 2022 - 22nd Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Málaga, Spain, 21st - 24th Sep 2022.
  • Fournet C. (2022) Procedural issues, Annotated Leading Cases, The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 2014-2015, Intersentia, 62-70.
  • Fournet C. (2022) La visibilité des stigmates de la guerre à Mostar, Banja Luka et Sarajevo dans les jugements du Tribunal Pénal pour l’ex-Yougoslavie, Revue Historique des Armées, volume 304, pages 66-78. [PDF]
  • Fournet C. (2022) Forensic Evidence: International Criminal Courts and Tribunals, Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law [MPEiPro], pages 2-17. [PDF]
  • Fournet C. (2022) The orchestrated inapplicability of the law of crimes against humanity and genocide – une exception française?, Genocide – The Power and Problems of a Concept, McGill-Queen's University Press, 174-199.
  • Drumbl M, Fournet C. (2022) The Visualities and Aesthetics of Prosecuting Aged Defendants, International Criminal Law Review, volume 22, no. 1-2, pages 1-21, DOI:10.1163/15718123-bja10102. [PDF]

2021

  • Christensen MJ, Fournet C, Kjeldgaard-Pedersen A, Matwijkiw B, Matwijkiw A. (2021) The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, The Global Community Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence 2019, Oxford University Press, 261-288, DOI:10.1093/oso/9780197513552.003.0013. [PDF]
  • Anstett E, Dreyfus J-M, Fournet C. (2021) Editorial, Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal, volume 7.2, pages 1-3, DOI:10.7227/HRV.7.2.1.
  • Drumbl M, Fournet C. (2021) Atrocity Then, Trial Now: The Aesthetics, Acoustics, and Visualities of Prosecuting Oskar Gröning, Conference ‘Spätverfolgung von NS-Unrecht’/’Late prosecution of Nazi Crimes’, Schloss Herrenhausen, Hannover, Germany, 20th - 22nd Oct 2021.
  • Fournet C. (2021) Numbers as Evidence: Determining the Number of Victims before International Criminal Tribunals and Courts, Workshop ‘Body Counts - Methods, Sources and Evidence’, co-organised by the University of Aix-Marseille and the University of Oxford, Oxford Digital Workshop, 8th - 9th Jun 2021.
  • Fournet C. (2021) Beyond gender and into the intimate: The crimes against humanity of forced pregnancies and of forced marriages, International Conference ‘Adjudicating Gender-based Persecution at the International Criminal Court and Beyond: A Monumental Step and the Challenges that lie Ahead’, Northumbria University, Newcastle, 7th - 8th Oct 2021.
  • Anstett E, Dreyfus, J.-M., Fournet C. (2021) Editorial, Human Remains and Violence, volume 7, no. 1, pages 1-2, DOI:10.7227/hrv.7.1.1.
  • Fournet C. (2021) Book Review: The Concept of Race in International Criminal Law by Carola Lingaas, Nordic Journal of Human Rights, volume 38, no. 3, pages 246-249, DOI:10.1080/18918131.2020.1829367.

2020

2019

  • Fournet C. (2019) Corpus delicti – The corpses of the victims as evidence of mass atrocities, 14th Conference of the International Association of Genocide Scholars: ‘“The Missing Picture”: Rethinking Genocide Studies & Prevention’, American University, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 14th - 19th Jul 2019.
  • Fournet C. (2019) Evidence at all costs? The challenges of scientifically investigating sexual violence as an international crime, 19th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology ‘ConverGENT – Convergent roads, bridges and new pathways in criminology’, Eurocrim, Ghent, Belgium, 18th - 21st Sep 2019.
  • Fournet C. (2019) Caractériser les pertes en droit pénal international, Atelier de travail ‘Etudier les pertes de guerre d'hier à aujourd'hui. Sources, objets, méthodes’, Service Historique de la Défense -UMR 7268 ADES (Aix-Marseille Université – CNRS – Etablissement Français du Sang), Vincennes, France, 17th - 18th Oct 2019.
  • Fournet C. (2019) ‘Bones never lie and they never forget’ – The collection and use of medico-legal evidence in international criminal justice, International Conference ‘The Global Sites of International Criminal Justice – Beyond, between and below the international criminal courts’, JustSites (Global Sites of International Criminal Justice) ERC-funded Project Start-Up Conference, University Of Copenhagen, Denmark, 12th - 13th Dec 2019.
  • Drumbl M, Fournet C. (2019) The Judicialized Infirmary: The Aesthetics of Prosecuting the Barely Alive.
  • Fournet C. (2019) Early and provisional release decisions at the ICTY, Annotated Leading Cases, Volume LIV, The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 2009-2011, Intersentia, 143-150.
  • Fournet C. (2019) Nothing must remain: The (in)visibility of atrocity crimes and the perpetrators’ strategies using the corpses of their victims, Perpetrators of International Crimes – Theories, Methods, and Evidence, Oxford University Press, 241-255.
  • Fournet C. (2019) Au-delà de la sphère domestique : le viol conjugal en droit pénal international, Le viol conjugal, CNRS Editions, 105-120.

2018

  • Fournet C. (2018) Internationalizing the household? Reflections on domestic (sexual) violence as an international crime, 18th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology ‘Crimes against Humans and Crimes against Humanity’, Eurocrim, Sarajevo, Bosnia-herzegovina, 29th Aug - 1st Sep 2018.
  • Fournet C. (2018) The orchestrated inapplicability of the law of crimes against humanity and genocide to the colonial past – une exception française?, International Conference ‘Genocide in Twentieth-Century History – The Power and the Problems of an Interpretive, Ethical-Political, and Legal Concept’, University Of Toronto, Canada, 19th - 20th Oct 2018.
  • Fournet C. (2018) Judgement, Prosecutor v. Ntawukulilyayo, Case No. ICTR-05-82-A, A. Ch., 14 December 2011, Annotated Leading Cases, Volume LIII, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 2010-2012, Intersentia, 543-548.
  • Fournet C. (2018) Le génocide de Srebrenica : réponses juridiques et judiciaires, Précis analytique des travaux de l’Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Rouen 2015-Premier semestre 2016, Volume 2, Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Rouen, 469-476.
  • Fournet C. (2018) Book Review: Jonathan Waterlow and Jacques Schuhmacher (eds), War Crimes Trials and Investigations - A Multi-Disciplinary Introduction (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018), Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal, pages 107-109.
  • Fournet C, Anstett E, Dreyfus J-M. (2018) Special issue: Ethics of display - Editorial, Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal, volume 4(1), no. 1, pages 1-2, DOI:10.7227/hrv.4.1.1.

2017

  • Fournet C. (2017) Leave no trace behind? The criminal modus operandi behind the treatment of the victims’ corpses, 17th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Eurocrim, Cardiff, 13th - 16th Sep 2017.
  • Fournet C. (2017) On legitimacy and worthiness, Book launch of C. Bailliet, N. Hayashi and J. Nicholson (eds), The Legitimacy of International Criminal Tribunals, Cambridge University Press, 2017, Asser Institute, Den Haag, Netherlands, 20th - 20th Apr 2017.
  • Fournet C. (2017) The after-death fate of victims of mass violence: the perpetrator’s use of the victims’ corpses to abuse the law, Pluricourts Seminar, Pluricourts, Oslo, Norway, 16th - 16th Nov 2017.
  • Fournet C. (2017) Forensic evidence in mass violence contexts: the use of science to prove crimes and establish guilt, Conference ‘The Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial: 70 Years After’, Indiana University Northwest, Usa, 4th - 4th Dec 2017.
  • Fournet C. (2017) The (expected) guilty verdict against Ratko Mladić.
  • Fournet C. (2017) Forensic Truth? Scientific evidence in international criminal justice, Humanity Journal. [PDF]
  • Fournet C. (2017) Cuando el derecho se entremete; cuando los derechos se entremezclan. Juzgar las violencias en masa, Después de la violencia. El presente político de las dictaduras pasadas, Ediciones de la Banda Oriental, 110-120.
  • Anstett E, Dreyfus J-M, Fournet C. (2017) Editorial, Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal, volume 3, no. 1, pages 1-2, DOI:10.7227/hrv.3.1.1.
  • Fournet C, Pégorier C. (2017) Combating genocide denial via law: État des lieux of anti-denial legislation, Holocaust and Genocide Denial: A Contextual Perspective, Routledge, 211-229, DOI:10.4324/9781315562377.

2016

  • Fournet C. (2016) Forensic Truth?, 'Doing Justice to Truth: Taking Stock of the Epistemic Critique of International Criminal Tribunals', iCourts – Centre of Excellence for International Courts, University Of Copenhagen, Denmark, 9th - 10th Jun 2016.
  • Fournet C. (2016) What happened next? - Perpetrators' use of the corpses of the victims and misuse of the storyline to abuse the law, Expert meeting ‘Perpetrators of International Crimes’, Tilburg University, Netherlands, 24th - 24th Jun 2016.
  • Fournet C. (2016) Opening lecture: 'Crimes internationaux, Réponses nationales', Antonio Cassese Initiative, Antonio Cassese Travelling School ‘Renforcement des capacités des magistrats en matière de répression des crimes internationaux au Burkina Faso, en Côte d’Ivoire et au Mali’, International Nuremberg Principles Academy, Nuremberg, Germany, 31st Oct - 4th Nov 2016.
  • Fournet C. (2016) Judgement, Prosecutor v. Milan Lukić and Sredoje Lukić, Case No. IT-98-32-1-T, T. Ch., 20 July 2009, Annotated Leading Cases, Volume XLVIII, The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 2009, Intersentia, 851-860.
  • Anstett E, Dreyfus J-M, Fournet C. (2016) Editorial, Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal, volume 2, no. 1, pages 1-2, DOI:10.7227/hrv.2.1.1.
  • Fournet C. (2016) Editorial - Forensic sciences (anthropology/archaeology/pathology) and international criminal justice, Science and Justice, volume 56, no. 5, pages 303-304, DOI:10.1016/j.scijus.2016.08.006.

2015

2014

  • Fournet C, Siller N. (2014) Dismantling the body, Trafficking the dead – Human remains, organs and the law of human trafficking, 14th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Eurocrim, Prague, Czech Republic, 10th - 13th Sep 2014.
  • Fournet C. (2014) The free circulation of criminal thoughts? Reflections on legal (non) responses to the dissemination of Mein Kampf’, Workshop ‘Mein Kampf, warrant for genocide or corpus delicti? In the public domain in 2016’, University of Manchester, School of Arts, Languages and Cultures, Centre for Jewish Studies, Hate Prevention Initiative and Research Programme Corpses of Mass Violence and Genocide, University Of Manchester, 7th - 7th Feb 2014.
  • Fournet C. (2014) Discriminer pour mieux punir? Les violences de masse commises contre les femmes et la justice pénale internationale, Workshop ‘Genre et Violences de Masse – La question du féminicide’, Iris and Research Programme Corpses of Mass Violence and Genocide, Iris, Paris, France, 13th - 13th Feb 2014.
  • Fournet C. (2014) Quand le droit s’en mêle; quand les droits s’emmêlent: Juger les violences de masse, Conférence internationale et interdisciplinaire ‘Après la violence: Europe – Amérique Latine, Expériences Croisées’ / ‘Después de la violencia : Europa – América Latina, Experiencias cruzadas’ ; CNRS-Iris ; Universidad de la República Uruguay ; Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – IHEAL ; Ambassade de France en Uruguay ; Ambassade de l’Uruguay en France ; Research Programme Corpses of Mass Violence and Genocide (ERC), Fundación Polo Mercosur ; Laboratoire d’Excellence tepsis ; GRIAF (Grupo der Investigación en Antropología Forense Uruguay), Fundación Polo Mercosur, Montevideo, Uruguay, 8th - 9th May 2014.
  • Fournet C. (2014) The legal status of mass graves: sites of burial, crime scenes and evidentiary goldmines, Workshop ‘Towards a Criminology of Mass Violence and the Corpse: a European Perspective’, School Of Law, University Of Manchester, 6th - 7th Nov 2014.
  • Fournet C. (2014) Gender based violence versus domestic violence : le viol conjugal introuvable, Journée d’étude ‘Le viol conjugal - Médecine et sciences sociales face à la violence sexuelle conjugale’, Iris, Paris, France, 12th - 12th Dec 2014.
  • Fournet C. (2014) Keynote speech: ‘Corpses of Mass Violence and Genocide’, Workshop on Methodological and Theoretical Perspectives in International Criminal Justice; Social Control and the Rule of Law Research Group (University of Oslo), Centre of International Criminal Justice (VU Amsterdam), Centre of the Politics of Transnational Law (VU Amsterdam), Department Of Criminology And Sociology Of Law, University Of Oslo, Norway, 24th - 25th Apr 2014.
  • Fournet C. (2014) Judgement and Sentence, Prosecutor v. Setako, Case No. ICTR-04-81-T, T. Ch. I, 25 February 2010, Annotated Leading Cases, Volume XLII, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 2010, Intersentia, 267-273.
  • Fournet C. (2014) The human body: victim, witness and evidence of mass violence, Human remains and mass violence - Methodological approaches, Manchester University Press, 56-80.

2013

  • Fournet C. (2013) Sexual violence, gender and international criminal justice, 13th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Eurocrim, Budapest, Hungary, 4th - 7th Sep 2013.
  • Fournet C. (2013) Remembrance and anti-denial legislation, Workshop ‘Remembering in the Future – Policies and practices of Remembrance to prevent mass atrocities’, European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium, 7th - 7th Mar 2013.
  • Fournet C. (2013) Referrals and Deferrals by the UN Security Council to the ICC, The United Nations Security Council: Responses to Mass Atrocities, The Hague Institute For Global Justice, Netherlands, 18th - 18th Apr 2013.
  • Fournet C. (2013) Fighting Anti-Semitism with Law, Conference ‘The Nature of Anti-Semitism’, Centre for Jewish Studies, Department of History, University of Manchester and IWM North, Iwm North, Manchester, 7th - 7th Oct 2013.
  • Fournet C. (2013) Remembrance and Anti-Denial Legislation, European Centre for International Affairs.
  • Fournet C. (2013) Decisions on Proceedings at the ICTR, Annotated Leading Cases, Volume XXXVI, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 2009, Intersentia, 62-67.
  • Fournet C. (2013) Causing Bodily Harm to Members of the Group’: Rhetorical Phrase or Effective Tool for Prevention?, Global Dialogue, volume 15(1). [PDF]
  • Fournet C. (2013) Mental incapacity and intoxication as grounds for excluding criminal responsibility, Het Roer Recht – Liber amicorum aangeboden aan Wim Vellinga en Feike Vellinga-Schootstra, Uitgeverij Paris, 109-117.
  • Fournet C. (2013) El cuerpo violentado: de la dignidad humana en el Derecho Penal Internacional, Cadáveres impensables, cadáveres impensados. El tratamiento de los cuerpos en las violencias de masa y los genocidios, Miño y Dávila, 17-27.

2012

  • Fournet C. (2012) 'Causing bodily harm to members of the group': a rhetorical phrase or an effective tool for genocide prevention?, International Network of Genocide Scholars, 3rd Global Conference on Genocide: 'Genocide: Knowing the Past. Safeguarding the Future', San Francisco State University, Usa, 28th Jun - 1st Jul 2012.
  • Fournet C. (2012) Justice for the Disappeared: Transitional Justice in Argentina and Uruguay, Expert Workshop: ‘The Rule of Law and Grassroots Justice: rethinking the State, Civil Society and Transitional Justice’, University Of Groningen, Gsg-reg, Netherlands, 27th - 27th Nov 2012.
  • Fournet C. (2012) The crime of enforced disappearance – Case studies: Argentina and Uruguay, International Criminal Law and Criminology Seminar, Vu Amsterdam, Netherlands, 4th - 4th Dec 2012.
  • Fournet C. (2012) Le corps violenté : de la dignité humaine en droit pénal international, Cadavres impensables, cadavres impensés - Approches méthodologiques du traitement des corps dans les violences de masse et les génocides, Editions Petra, 15-27.
  • Fournet C. (2012) The adjudication of sex crimes under international criminal law: What does gender have to do with it?, Women and Transitional Justice: The Experience of Women as Participants, Routledge, 97-118, DOI:10.4324/9780203077627.

2011

  • Fournet C. (2011) Le corps humain dans le crime de génocide et les crimes contre l’humanité, Conférence internationale, ‘Corps et violences de masse - une approche pluridisciplinaire’, Institut De Recherche Interdisciplinaire Sur Les Enjeux Sociaux (cnrs-ehess-inserm-up13), Paris, France, 23rd - 24th Jun 2011.
  • Fournet C. (2011) Diverging judicial approaches to genocidal intent: the impact of non-legal factors in judicial decision-making, International Conference ‘A Contextual View of Genocidal Intent’, Stanley Burton Centre For Holocaust Studies – School Of Law, University Of Leicester, 21st - 23rd Sep 2011.
  • Fournet C. (2011) Between lack of responsibility and dangerousness: Determinism and the specificity of the French criminal law on lack of intellectual insight and loss of control, Loss of Control and Diminished Responsibility: Domestic, Comparative and International Perspectives, Ashgate, 353-365.
  • Shaw MN, Fournet CI. (2011) ‘1986 Vienna Convention, Article 62’, The Vienna Conventions on the Law of Treaties - A Commentary, Oxford University Press, 1434-1436.
  • Fournet CI. (2011) ‘Judgement, Prosecutor v. Kordic and Cerkez, Case No. IT-95-14/2-A, A. Ch., 17 December 2004’, Intersentia, 253-260.
  • Fournet C. (2011) ‘Mass Atrocity: Theories and Concepts of Accountability - On the Schizophrenia of Accountability’, Exploring the Boundaries of International Criminal Justice, Ashgate Publishing, 27-45.
  • Shaw MN, Fournet CI. (2011) ‘1969 Vienna Convention, Article 62’, The Vienna Conventions on the Law of Treaties - A Commentary, Oxford University Press, 1411-1433.

2010

  • Fournet CI. (2010) The legal qualification of genocide denial, A Contextual View of Holocaust and Genocide Denial - Workshop, University Of Leicester - Stanley Burton Centre For Holocaust Studies – School Of Historical Studies And School Of Law, 23rd - 24th Sep 2010.
  • Fournet CI. (2010) Book Review: Thomas Kruessmann, (Ed.), ICTY: Towards a Fair Trial?, Vienna: Neuer Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, 2009, International Criminal Law Review, volume 10, no. 3, pages 425-427.
  • Fournet CI. (2010) Book Review: Laucci, Cyril, Code annoté de la Cour pénale internationale 2004-2006, Leiden : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008, International Criminal Law Review, volume 10, no. 3, pages 428-429.
  • Fournet CI. (2010) ‘At the hands of the State - When arrest and imprisonment prove fatal’, The Right to Life and the Value of Life - Orientations in Law, Politics and Ethics, Ashgate Publishing, 169-190.
  • Fournet CI, Pegorier C. (2010) ''Only One Step Away From Genocide’: The Crime of Persecution in International Criminal Law', International Criminal Law Review, volume 10, no. 5, pages 713-738. [PDF]
  • Fournet CI. (2010) ‘Judgement, Procureur v. Seromba, Case No. ICTR-2001-66-T, T. Ch. III, 13 December 2006’, Intersentia, 609-620.
  • Fournet CI. (2010) ‘Judicial Development of the Law of Defences by the International Criminal Tribunals', Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals, Oxford University Press, 229-251.

2009

  • Fournet CI. (2009) Book Review: Universal Human Rights: Origins and Development by Stephen James, LFB Publishing, 2007, Global Change, Peace and Security, pages 406-408.
  • Fournet CI. (2009) ‘Commentary of Request for Reversal of Decision Prohibiting Contact with Other Detainees, Prosecutor v. Munyakazi, Case No. ICTR-97-36-I, 15 February 2005, President and of Request for Reversal of the Prohibition of Contact, Ngeze v. Prosecutor, Case No. ICTR-99-52-A, President, 29 July 2005’, Intersentia, 362-371.
  • Fournet CI. (2009) 'The universality of the prohibition of the crime of genocide, 1948-2008', International Criminal Justice Review, volume 19, pages 132-149.
  • Fournet CI. (2009) Book Review: The lawyer's responsibility - Torture Team - Deception, Cruelty and the Compromise of Law by Philippe Sands, Allen Lane, 2008, The Political Quarterly, pages 440-442.
  • Fournet CI. (2009) The verticality of genocide: Genocide as a crime against the family, Genocide: The Future of Prevention, Centre For The Study Of Genocide And Mass Violence, University Of Sheffield, 9th - 12th Jan 2009.

2008

  • Fournet C. (2008) When the child surpasses the Father - Admissible defences in international criminal law, International Criminal Law Review, volume 8, no. 3, pages 509-532, DOI:10.1163/157181208X308817.
  • Fournet CI. (2008) Genocide and International Law, Law Professional Networking Event, Slaughter And May, London, 9th - 9th Apr 2008.
  • Fournet CI. (2008) International Crimes and Admissible Defences – The Input of the Rome Statute, Iraq, Cambodia and Beyond – Fair Trials in an International Setting, University Of Exeter (co-organised By 36 Bedford Row), 19th - 19th Oct 2007, When the child surpasses the father – admissible defences in International Criminal Law, pages 533-556.
  • Fournet CI. (2008) Caroline Fournet (University of Exeter UK), Autour de son ouvrage The Crime of Destruction and the Law of Genocide. Their Impact on Collective Memory (Ashgate, Burlington USA, 2007), Séminaire Traces de guerre, réparations et enjeux de réconciliation, UMR IRICE Identités, relations internationales et civilisations de l’Europe (CNRS ; Université Paris I, Panthéon-Sorbonne ; Université Paris IV, Paris Sorbonne), La Sorbonne, Paris (france), 6th - 6th Feb 2008.
  • Fournet CI. (2008) ‘Editorial’, International Criminal Law Review, volume 8, pages 389-390.
  • Fournet CI. (2008) 'When the child surpasses the father – admissible defences in International Criminal Law’, International Criminal Law Review, volume 8, pages 533-556.
  • Fournet CI. (2008) Human Rights in the United Kingdom - Celebrating 10 years of the Human Rights Act 1998, Public lecture, China University Of Political Science And Law (beijing), 30th - 30th Oct 2008.
  • Fournet CI. (2008) ‘Commentary of Judgement and Sentence, Prosecutor v. Nahimana, Barayagwiza and Ngeze, Case No. ICTR-99-52-T, T. Ch. I, 3 December 2003’, Intersentia, 518-530.
  • Fournet CI. (2008) Book Review: Clean’ torture - Torture and Democracy by Darius Rejali, Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2007, The Political Quarterly, volume 79, no. 4, pages 647-649.
  • Fournet CI. (2008) The schizophrenia of accountability and the future of international criminal justice, Social-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Conference, School Of Law, The University Of Manchester, 18th - 20th Mar 2008.

2007

  • Fournet C. (2007) International Crimes and Admissible Defences - The Input of the Rome Statute, International Seminar 'Iraq, Cambodia and Beyond - Fair Trials in International Setting, Law School, University Of Exeter (co-organised By 36 Bedford Row), 19th - 19th Oct 2007.
  • Fournet CI. (2007) The Law of Genocide: The French Paradox, The Criminal Law of Genocide, Nottingham Trent University, 1st - 2nd Sep 2005, Reflection on the separation of powers: The law of genocide and the symptomatic French paradox, pages 211-222.
  • Fournet CI. (2007) The Crime of Destruction and The Law of Genocide: Their Impact on Collective Memory, Ashgate.
  • Fournet CI. (2007) ‘Reflection on the separation of powers: The law of genocide and the symptomatic French paradox', The Criminal Law of Genocide- International, Comparative and Contextual Aspects, Ashgate Publishing, 211-222.

2006

  • Shaw MN, Fournet CI. (2006) Convention de Vienne de 1969, Article 62, Commentaire article par article des Conventions de Vienne de 1969 et 1986 sur le droit des traités, Bruylant, 2227-2259.
  • Fournet CI. (2006) Reviving Antigone’s Myth: Philosophical reflection on the law of genocide, Crossing the Boundaries: the place of human rights in contemporary scholarship, London School Of Economics And Political Science, 24th - 24th Mar 2006.
  • Shaw MN, Fournet CI. (2006) Convention de Vienne de 1986, Article 62, Commentaire article par article des Conventions de Vienne de 1969 et 1986 sur le droit des traités, 2261-2264.
  • Fournet CI. (2006) Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity: Confusions and Amalgams in French Practice, Public lecture, , Centre For Criminal Law And Criminal Justice, Durham University, 4th - 4th Dec 2006.
  • Fournet CI. (2006) International Crimes - Theories, Practice and Evolution, Cameron May.

2002

  • Fournet C. (2002) Genocidal Intent, Spring Conference of the British Branch of the International Law Association, University Of Oxford, 1st - 1st Apr 2002.

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Biography

I started my academic career as a lecturer, and then senior lecturer, in law at Exeter Law School (2004-2011). From 2011 to 2021, I was Rosalind Franklin Fellow and then Professor in Comparative Criminal Law and International Justice at the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology at the University of Groningen (Netherlands). In 2016, I took up a Visiting Professional position in Chambers at the International Criminal Court. In 2021, I was Professeure invitée at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques d'Aix-en-Provence (Sciences Po Aix, France). Since October 2021, I am Professor of Law at Exeter Law School where I am the Director of Postgraduate Taught Studies.

I am Editor-in-Chief of the International Criminal Law Review (Brill) and of the book series Studies in International Criminal Law (Brill Nijhoff Publishers).

I am also one of the creators and editors of the academic journal Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal (Manchester University Press).

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More information

External Teaching

June 2022, Asser Institute, The Hague, Netherlands and War Crimes Research Office, American University’s Washington College of Law, USA: ‘Genocide’, Lecturer, 16th edition of the annual Summer Law Programme on ‘International Criminal Law and International Legal & Comparative Approaches to Counter-Terrorism’.

June 2021, Department of Anthropology/Promise Institute for Human Rights, UCLA, USA: Lecturer, Summer School on Evidentiary Training, Evidentiary Dilemmas Research Project (NSF research project).

May 2021, Sciences Po Aix, France: ‘Nouvelles formes de conflits armés et droit pénal international’, Guest lecturer, Master 2 GDSI Alternants ‘Histoire de la pensée stratégique’. 

April 2021, Sciences Po Aix, France: ‘Le droit (pénal) international et les conflits en ex-Yougoslavie: moyens de preuve, qualification des crimes, et responsabilités’, Guest lecturer, Master 2 GDSI Alternants ‘Géostratégie de la Méditerranée’. 

March 2021, Sciences Po Aix, France: ‘Génocide et crimes contre l'humanité en ex-Yougoslavie', Guest lecturer, Master 1 ‘Guerre et Conflit au XXème siècle’.

February 2021, Sciences Po Aix, France: Guest lecturer (seminar), ‘Le TPIY et l'utilisation de la preuve médico-légale dans la qualification du crime de génocide’, UMR Mesopolhis, Axe 5 ‘crises, violences et conflictualités’.

December 2020, Faculté de Médecine de la Timone, Marseille, France: Lecturer, ‘Exhumations et  expertises médico-légales au sein des TPI et des CPI’, Unité d’enseignements ‘Archéologie et anthropologie des conflits armés récents’.

March 2020, Faculty of Law, University of Lund & Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Sweden: Guest speaker (seminar), ‘Jus cogens crimes and international recognition of victims’ rights – The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia’.

March 2020, Faculty of Law, University of Lund & Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Sweden: Guest lecturer, ‘Dead Victims’ Rights, International Criminal Justice and Post-Atrocity Memory’. Master’s Program in International Human Rights Law, course ‘Values, Rights and Legal Trends: The Role of Ethics?’.

December 2019, Faculté de Médecine de la Timone, Marseille, France : Lecturer, ‘Les crimes des Khmers Rouges – Réponses médico-légales et judiciaires’, Unité d’enseignements ‘Archéologie et anthropologie des conflits armés récents’.

December 2019, Faculté de Médecine de la Timone, Marseille, France: Lecturer, ‘Les  expertises médico-légales au sein des TPI et des CPI’, Unité d’enseignements ‘Archéologie et anthropologie des conflits armés récents’.

May 2019, Universidad de la República de Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay : ‘Contextos Jurídicos, Tribunales Penales Internacionales, Corte Penal Internacional’, Masterclass, Curso ‘Arqueología y Antropología de los conflictos armados’ ECOS-Sud/CNRS-Ades, 20-24 May 2019.

April 2019, IUC Dubrovnik, Croatia: ‘Post-conflict justice and peacebuilding’, EU Internal and External Security, Advanced Seminar in EU Criminal Law and Policy, Faculty of Law University of Zagreb and Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, 8-13 April 2019.

April 2017, Faculté de Médecine de la Timone, Marseille, France: Lecturer, ‘Les expertises médico-légales au sein des TPI et des CPI’, Unité d’enseignements ‘Archéologie et anthropologie des conflits armés récents’.

July 2017, Faculty of Law, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands: Guest lecturer, ‘Forensic evidence before international criminal tribunals and courts’, Summer School on International Criminal Justice, Center for International Criminal Justice.

March 2017 University of Luxembourg: Guest lecturer in International Criminal Law (crimes against humanity and genocide) on the Master programme on European Law, , Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance.

External teaching for practitioners

September 2022, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Genève, Switzerland: ‘Médecine légale et justice pénale internationale’, module  ‘Droit et Médecine légale’, CAS (Certificate of Advanced Studies)  en Droit, médecine légale et science forensique en Afrique’.

September 2021, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Genève, Switzerland: ‘Médecine légale et justice pénale internationale’, module  ‘Droit et Médecine légale’, CAS (Certificate of Advanced Studies)  en Droit, médecine légale et science forensique en Afrique’.

October 2020, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Genève, Switzerland: ‘Médecine légale et justice pénale internationale’, module  ‘Droit et Médecine légale’, CAS (Certificate of Advanced Studies)  en Droit, médecine légale et science forensique en Afrique’.

September 2019, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Genève, Switzerland: ‘Justice pénale internationale : Aperçu et notions générales’ and ‘Médecine légale et justice pénale internationale’, module  ‘Droit et Médecine légale’, CAS (Certificate of Advanced Studies)  en Droit, médecine légale et science forensique en Afrique’.

March 2019, T.M.C. Asser Instituut, Den Haag, Netherlands: ‘La preuve médico-légale et la justice pénale internationale’;  Antonio Cassese Initiative, Asser Institute and International Nuremberg Principles Academy, , ‘Strengthening Domestic Capacity to Prosecute International and Transnational Crimes in Africa’/ ‘Renforcement des capacités des magistrats en matière de répression des crimes internationaux et transnationaux en Afrique : Formation de suivi’, 18-22 March 2019. 

February 2018, T.M.C Asser Instituut, Den Haag, Netherlands : ‘Crimes contre l’humanité – accent sur l’élément contextuel’, Antonio Cassese Initiative, ‘Renforcement des capacités des magistrats en matière de répression des crimes internationaux et transnationaux en Afrique’, 5-9 Février 2018.

October 2016, International Nuremberg Principles Academy, Nuremberg, Germany : Opening lecture : ‘Crimes internationaux, Réponses nationales’, Antonio Cassese Initiative, Antonio Cassese Travelling School ‘Renforcement des capacités des magistrats en matière de répression des crimes internationaux au Burkina Faso, en Côte d’Ivoire et au Mali’, 31 Octobre – 4 Novembre 2016.

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