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Professor Clair Gammage



Clair joined Exeter Law School in 2022 as Professor in International Commercial Law and took up the role of Head of School in April 2023. As a scholar of international trade law and development, Clair’s research focuses on the diverse ways that trade law and governance intersects with sustainable development, gender, human rights, labour and environment. Her research is concerned with the relationship between international trade and power, and identifying the regulatory and governance gaps that exist in the multilateral trading system. Clair’s specific expertise lies in the implementation of regional trade agreements and their social, economic and cultural effects for stakeholders in developing countries. Her forthcoming monograph, Women and Trade: Promoting Gender Equality and Social Justice through the International Trading System, will be published with Bristol University Press in 2025.

Clair has consulted for the UK government on trade matters and she has provided expert evidence before both the UK government and EU parliament. In 2022, she was appointed to the UK government Trade and Domestic Advisory Group as a member of the Trade and Public Policy (TaPP) network. In 2023, Clair has delivered expert-level training to UK government officials on trade and development and she has previously acted as an expert reviewer for Chatham House in its work on free trade agreements and human rights. Clair is currently an Advisor to the Independent Commission on UK-EU Relations and is working with the organisation to generate research on the social and ethical implications of post-Brexit industrial legislation and policies for regional communities in the UK.

Clair has taught across the core law subjects (Constitutional Rights, Trusts and EU law) and specialist subjects (advanced EU law, World Trade Law, and International Trade and Investment Law) at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. She has successfully supervised PhD students to completion and welcomes expressions of interest from new doctoral candidates who have a shared interest in international trade law, development and power.

Clair holds a LLB and LLM International Law (Nottingham), and a MSc Socio-Legal Studies and PhD in Law (Bristol). She was formerly Associate Professor/Reader at the University of Bristol, where she also acted as the Faculty Education Director for Undergraduate Studies in Social Sciences in Law (2021-2), School Education Director in Law (2020-1) and the Director for Employability (2015-18). 

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Clair welcomes PhD applications from students pursuing interdisciplinary projects that address inequalities and power asymmetries in international trade law. 

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Copyright Notice: Any articles made available for download are for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the copyright holder.

| 2025 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2015 | 2014 | 2010 |


  • Gammage C. (2025) Women and Trade: Promoting Gender Equality and Social Justice through the International Trading System, Bristol University Press.


  • Gammage C. (2022) Commentary on Introduction to Part IV GATT (Trade and Development), Commentaries on World Trade Law, Brill/Nijhoff, 766-787.
  • Gammage C. (2022) Commentary on Article XXXVI GATT (Principles and Objectives), Commentaries on World Trade Law, Brill/Nijhoff, 788-807.
  • Gammage C. (2022) Empowering Women in Trade: How Gender Responsive are the EU’s Trade Agreements?, Understanding the EU as a Good Global Actor: Ambitions, Values and Metrics.
  • Gammage C, Syrpis P. (2022) SOVEREIGNTY FICTIONS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM'S TRADE AGENDA, INTERNATIONAL & COMPARATIVE LAW QUARTERLY, volume 71, no. 3, pages 563-588, article no. PII S0020589322000173, DOI:10.1017/S0020589322000173. [PDF]


  • Gammage C. (2021) General Exceptions and Public Interest Regulation: An Analysis of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement, Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, volume 18, pages 101-121.


  • Gammage C. (2020) The International Trade Regime and SDG2: Reforming Agricultural Markets for Food Security, Legal Perspectives on Sustainability, Edward Elgar, 127-158.
  • Gammage C, Momodu M. (2020) The Economic Empowerment of Women in Africa: Regional Approaches to Gender-Sensitive Trade Policies, African Journal of International Economic Law.


  • Gammage C. (2019) (Re)Imagining the Trade-Labour Linkage: The Capabilities Approach, The Capability Approach to Labour Law, Oxford University Press, 290-310.
  • Gammage C, Novitz T. (2019) The concept of sustainability and its application in international trade, investment and finance, Sustainable Trade, Investment, and Finance: Toward Responsible and Coherent Regulatory Frameworks?, Edward Elgar, 1-29.
  • Gammage C. (2019) Social Norms and Free Trade Agreements: Justiciable or Not?, Sustainable Trade, Investment, and Finance: Toward Responsible and Coherent Regulatory Frameworks?, Edward Elgar, 50-82.
  • Gammage C. (2019) Investment Facilitation for Development: A Rights Perspective, Indian Journal of International Economic Law, volume X.
  • Gammage C, Mardikian L. (2019) Brexit as Differentiated Integration: The Diverging Imaginaries of Future Trade Relationships, Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, pages 130-150.
  • Gammage C, Novitz T. (2019) Sustainable Trade, Investment and Finance Toward Responsible and Coherent Regulatory Frameworks, Edward Elgar Publishing.



  • Gammage C. (2017) North-South Regional Trade Agreements as Legal Regimes A Critical Assessment of the EU-SADC Economic Partnership Agreement, Edward Elgar Publishing.




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